Students will learn the characteristics of chronic stress.
- Students will learn the effects of chronic stress on various systems of the body.
- Students will search for and report on an article describing effects of chronic stress.
do people take stress management courses? What is the point of
learning about stress? Well, we know that stresses cause a chain
of events in the body to change the biochemistry of the body.
Some of these effects of stress are negative and cause or
accelerate symptoms of disease. So, some people might learn about
stress management in order to reverse illnesses, to increase their
current state of health, or to prevent stress-related diseases.
this lesson you'll learn about the effects of chronic
(long-term, constant) stress on the body.
the lesson on the Sympathetic Nervous System? Two of the things
stimulated by the SNS are the adrenal glands. These are small
glands on top of each of the kidneys. They are considered part of
the Endocrine System because they secrete chemical messages to the
body. When a person is stressed, their adrenal glands secrete corticoids:
adrenaline, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. These corticoids are
transported through the bloodstream to the different recipient organs.
When these corticoids are secreted by the adrenal glands, they
have the following effects.
· Inhibit the
· Inhibit tissue growth
· Inhibit the immune
· Inhibit the
Let's consider some life situations or events
that could be chronic stressors. Perhaps some of the following
could create a chronic stress response in some people:
· Diagnosis of a
life-threatening illness, cancer, etc.
· Caring for an elderly
· Single parenting
· Participation in a
military operation or war
· Living in a hostile
neighborhood, area, etc.
· Stressful or hostile
· And many more.
Going back to lesson 1, a person could have chronic
stressors that are: coming from the external environment; social
stressors (from jobs, family obligations, financial problems, etc.);
continuous physiological stressors; and internally originating as
thoughts (negative, worrisome thoughts, fears, etc.). That is,
any stressful situation is long-term, and the body does not have a
chance to relax and let the SNS response end, or the PNS increase.
This chronic state of "fight-or-flight" is not
healthy for the body. Long-term stress can result in:
tension and fatigue
(high blood pressure)
(cessation of menstruation)
of libido in men and women
symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, and other respiratory conditions
tissue repair and remodeling
lead to de-calcification of bones, osteoporosis, susceptibility of
immune system and inflammatory responses
susceptibility to colds, the flu, and other viruses
exacerbate cancer, AIDS, and other immunodeficiency syndromes
As you can see in this partial list, chronic
stress can harm almost every system in the body. This is why
stress management is so important for people in stressed cultures to
To get a 10: All answers are correct the first time, or within first revision. You can have no grammatical or structural errors, within the first revision. Answer in complete sentences; all lesson requirements have been met.
To get a 9: You can have 1 incorrect answer. You can have 2 grammatical errors (spelling, punctuation, capitalization, wrong word, etc.) Answer in complete sentences; all lesson requirements have been met.
To get an 8: You can have 2 incorrect answers. You can have 3 grammatical errors (spelling, punctuation, capitalization, wrong word, etc.). Answer in complete sentences; all lesson requirements have been met.
To get a 7: You can have 3 incorrect answers. You can have 4 minor grammatical errors (spelling, punctuation, capitalization, wrong word, etc.). Answer in complete sentences; all lesson requirements have been met.
To get a 6: You can have 4 incorrect answers. You can have 5 minor grammatical errors (spelling, punctuation, capitalization, wrong word, etc.). Answer in complete sentences; lesson requirements have not been met or missed.
To get a 5: 6 or more incorrect answers. Plagiarism - purposeful or mistaken, which will lower your final grade for the course (so be very careful when posting your work!); lack of effort, disrespect, or attitude (we are here to communicate with you if you don't understand something); or 6 or more errors of any kind. Answer in complete sentences; lesson requirements have not been met.
Note: For this class it is necessary to post the questions over each answer. Failure to do so will result in asking for a revision. You will also be given two chances to revise your work after your initial post.
Please be sure to post the questions
over each answer when you submit your work.
submit text that you have copied from sources, including websites. All
of your work should be in your own words. Using copied text would be
considered plagiarism. For more information, review our page on Plagiarism
1. How does
chronic stress affect the reproductive system women?
2. How might
chronic stress affect the healing of a broken bone?
3. In your own
words, how might you describe chronic stress?
4. Describe a
chronic stressor in your life (past or present) or in the life of
someone close to you (past or present).
5. If you were
teaching a class about stress management to your peers, what would you
say to them about chronic stress and how it affects the body? (Up to 1 paragraph)
6. How does
chronic stress affect a person with cancer or AIDS?
7. Is a job
that involves handling harmful chemicals considered a chronic stressor?
8. How might
chronic stress affect a man and woman who are trying to conceive a baby?
an article on the web (newspaper, magazine, website, etc.) that focuses
on and describes the effects of chronic stress. It could be
targeting a specific group, like the elderly or AIDS patients, or it
could be an article on the chronic effects of corticoids in the
the website address,
the source (like Times Newspaper),
the date of the publication or posting,
3-5 paragraphs describing what the article is about
1-2 paragraphs on what you learned from the article.
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